City Pages: How did you first become interested in chocolate?
Brian McElrath: As a young boy my mother and grandmother made delicious chocolate things, but I really got excited about chocolate in culinary school. I am a graduate of the California Culinary Academy and as part of the pastry program I worked with a very talented Swiss pastry chef, a chocolatier, and thats where I was really introduced to European-style chocolates.
CP: What were some of the things that your mother and grandmother cooked?
BM: Everything. My grandparents had a farm in southern Minnesota so they were baking cookies and cakes and piesyou name it, pretty much all the time.
CP: Is there any one thing that stands out?
BM: My mom—her chocolate chip cookies and her German chocolate cakes were really great. And then my grandmother made a chocolate pie that was really exceptional. I still have a thing for German chocolate cake, Ill tell you that.
CP: What is tempering?
BM: The technical term for tempering is called pre-crystalization. The fat in the cocoa, in the cacao or the chocolate, has a molecular structure to it and you have to manipulate it in order to get the proper structure. There are several different crystals that can form in that vat. One of them is the stable form. And you really need to be careful with the way you handle the chocolate. Its very heat sensitive and you have to put it through what we call a temperature curve where you heat it to melt all the crystals and then you cool it to generate the specific type that youre looking for. And then you have an operating temperature in between those two processes that allows you to work with the chocolate while its fluid. The tempering process will essentially harden the chocolate. It will cause it to have a higher melt point. It will give it a nice crispy texture. The chocolate will contract so that if youre doing molded pieces, the chocolate will be a little bit smaller so that the chocolates will fall out of the molds without too much effort. Its a critical aspect for premium chocolate. Well, for anyone who works with real chocolate.
CP: What are the latest trends in chocolate?
BM: The current trends in chocolate really are a push toward dark chocolate with a higher percentage of cacao. When I say cacao, that's the chocolate itself. Chocolate has several ingredients in it: sugar, and sometimes milk powder or full cream milk powder for milk chocolate. And what people are looking for are percentages usually somewhere above 50 percent cacao. The rest of it would be sugar or cocoa butter or other flavors. And then people within that same dark craze are interested in the origin of where the chocolate comes from, the same way that we are with wine or coffee.
CP: What are some of the hot spots for chocolate?
BM: Cacao will grow within twenty degrees of the equator. Most of the chocolate or cacao grown in the world is going to come from west Africa and theres also chocolate from South America, Central America, the Caribbean, Indonesia, Vietnam. Those are generally the most popular places.
CP: Can you taste the difference between the chocolates from those different locations?
BM: Absolutely. Chocolate will be affected by terroir the same wine will be affected by terroir.
CP: And whats your favorite location to get chocolate from?
BM: I like blends, but in terms of single origin chocolate, I like Ecuador and Columbia. Venezuelan chocolate is also extremely high quality, very delicious, very distinctive flavor. My personal palate is for the brighter notes that youll find in those South American varieties.
CP: Is part of the reason why theres a trend towards darker chocolate because of the health benefits or is it just purely a taste thing?
BM:Well, I think its a combination of the two. M&M/Mars did that study about the health benefits of the antioxidants in chocolate. I think thats really great, but I think just in general, peoples awareness of quality has increased and their awareness and education about chocolate has become really widespread and along with that. Theres some really great milk chocolates for sure, but they all start with really great dark chocolate.
CP: You're known for having surprising flavor combinations. What was the single most surprisingly horrible flavor combination that you've come up with?