By Chris Parker
By Jesse Marx
By John Baichtal
By Olivia LaVecchia
By Jesse Marx
By Olivia LaVecchia
By Tatiana Craine
By Judy Keen
As the do-nothing legislative session of 2004 slowly recedes amidst a chorus of "coulda-shoulda-woulda" finger-pointing, it's not too soon to focus on the financial catastrophe that will be facing state lawmakers when they reconvene at the Capitol early next year. As has been true throughout Gov. Tim Pawlenty's tenure in office, the budget is in a shambles, and his disingenuous claims of fiscal responsibility are coming back to haunt him.
For all the griping about this stalemated session, future woes can be traced back to last year. Remember when Pawlenty crowed after the 2003 session about how he balanced the budget without raising taxes? It was based on creative accounting. What the governor and his no-tax cronies did to make ends meet was to pretend that inflation would not happen for the next two years when determining the cost of government services--all the while counting inflation-added revenue coming into the state's coffers during that time.
If you buy into Pawlenty's fuzzy math--which the Star Tribune did in a glowing story about the state's budget status last week--Minnesota is still staring at a $400 million deficit for the upcoming 2006-07 biennium. (The state sets its budget every two years, and, by law, it must be balanced.) But since the governor moved his political henchman Dan McElroy out of the Finance Department to serve as his chief of staff and head stadium cheerleader, Pawlenty's own administration now concedes that $400 million woefully underestimates the size of the problem. With Peggy Ingison replacing McElroy, the department calculates that another $600 million in red ink must be added to the total to compensate for Pawlenty's no-inflation gambit. In other words, the state is a nice, round, billion dollars in the hole.
Pawlenty's apologists like to claim that we can grow our way out of the deficit. But a booming economy has already been factored into the projection. The administration's baseline (not the most optimistic) assumption is that the state economy will expand by 4.6 percent in 2004 and 3.9 percent in 2005, which would be the largest real growth in Minnesota's gross domestic product in 20 years. Anything less will only add to the $400 million deficit. Meanwhile, a marginally improving economy coupled with the recent rise in interest rates is widely expected to boost the rate of inflation, meaning that Ingison's $600 million estimate of the inflation-related shortfall is probably too low.
So the state is probably facing a deficit of at least a billion dollars. That doesn't seem like much compared to the more than $4 billion shortfall Pawlenty confronted during the last budget cycle, right? Except that Pawlenty used every chit and loophole available to him to "balance" state coffers last year. A billion dollars of onetime money from the tobacco settlement fund was raided down to the last penny. Hundreds of millions more in onetime money was taken from the budget reserve. Funding payments to schools were delayed and inflation again was not accounted for, giving new meaning to the term "cooking the books."
And while Pawlenty likes to brag about the absence of new taxes, $400 million worth of "fees" were tacked on to everything from fishing licenses to state parks to court filing procedures--not to mention that the buck was passed on to local property taxes to fund critical services. Even that didn't do the trick. When it was all said and done, Pawlenty still had to hack between $1.5 and $2 billion in services, depriving tens of thousands of people of health care and cutting hundreds of teaching jobs, among many other negative consequences.
And he still didn't fix the problem. Three weeks after the session ended, Moody's, an investment house, lowered the state's bond rating.
The state's financial situation has become so dire that two former finance commissioners--Jay Kiedrowski, who served under Gov. Rudy Perpich, and John Gunyou, who worked in the administration of Republican Gov. Arne Carlson--have started writing op-ed pieces and giving presentations before various civic groups trying to draw attention to the problem.
"In the past, it didn't matter what party the governor belonged to--whether it was Perpich, or Carlson, or Ventura--the financial management of the state was pretty much the same," Gunyou says. "The personalities and some of the priorities may have been different, but all of them exercised moderate stewardship that accepted the benefits of investing in a relatively high level of services in a fiscally responsible manner.
"That isn't happening now," Gunyou continues. "Class sizes are going up in the schools. There are double-digit tuition increases for higher education. People are being thrown off the health care rolls. You've got a guy like Art Rolnick of the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis--hardly a bastion of socialism--saying investments in early childhood development make the most sense, and we're not doing that."
But Gunyou has a bigger criticism, namely that nothing is being done to address bad budget practices. "Everything is short-term, looking ahead to the next election," he argues. "We are two years into this administration and there has been virtually no structural reform of the budget--they have just cut services and frozen spending. Yet we continue to have a structural deficit between ongoing revenue and ongoing spending. We are spending $1.1 million a day more than we are taking in. That's irresponsible financial management. Now the best-case scenario is that we will have a billion-dollar shortfall. The choice is raise taxes or cut more. What Jay and I have been saying is that they have cut too much already."