By Jesse Marx
By Chris Parker
By Jake Rossen
By Jesse Marx
By Michelle LeBow
By Alleen Brown
By Maggie LaMaack
By CP Staff
"The allegation that a black man was sexually assaulted with a toilet plunger, much as the New York City Haitian immigrant [Abner Louima] was, threatens to derail ongoing efforts to rebuild trust between Minneapolis police and communities of color," columnist Ruben Rosario observed in the St. Paul Pioneer Press the next day. He was not the first, nor would he be the last journalist to compare Porter to Louima, an innocent man who was tortured with a broom handle in a Brooklyn station house in 1997. In fact, during the first couple of news cycles, there was a sense that the comparison alone would keep the cameras whirring for weeks.
Local TV coverage, excepting the lack of first-day focus on KARE-11's early evening broadcast, was noticeably thorough and, in terms of putting the incident in historical context, unusually straightforward and hard-hitting. Competition, it seems, is still a powerful motivator when the stakes include a network feed. In particular, Tom Lyden, an investigative reporter at FOX 9, proved to be one of the best sourced and least compromised cops reporters in town. In large part, his work helped set the tone early on, both in print and on the tube.
Then the Star Tribune ran a piece that not only altered the story's trajectory but eclipsed the original allegation. "The man accusing a Minneapolis police officer of sexually assaulting him during a drug raid was a confidential informant for the officer, sources with knowledge of the case said," read the first sentence of the top story in the newspaper's Metro/State section on Friday, October 17. The time to choose sides had arrived.
The headline, "Alleged Victim Was Informer," instantly reduced Porter to stereotype; just another lying drug dealer hustling on the north side. The right-leaning cynics rolled their eyes and looked away. Left-leaning cynics, and a goodly portion of Minneapolis's African American populace, protested that publishing the claim was as good as putting out a contract on Porter.
Lost in all the white noise, dwarfed by the palpable disappointment that Stephen Porter might not be the MPD's Waterloo after all, were the second and third sentences in the Star Tribune's story. "It was unclear Thursday whether the alleged victim, Stephen Porter, was still informing for accused officer Jeffrey Jindra or other officers at the time of the raid in a north Minneapolis apartment Monday," staff writers David Chanen and Paul McEnroe concluded. "It also was unclear whether his informant status played any role [emphasis added] in the drug raid or allegations that Jindra used a toilet plunger handle to assault Porter..."
The rest of the piece, which runs another several hundred words, features a number of topics related to Porter's credibility, including his past criminal history, motives he might have to lie, and a growing perception that he may have been exaggerating his injuries. The original hook, that Porter was a snitch, received no further scrutiny, however. In fact, while readers learn that Porter was unavailable for comment, it's unclear whether the Strib asked anyone outside of the Minneapolis police department, let alone someone with access to Porter's side of the story, to comment on the charge.
There was also no acknowledgment that by labeling Porter an informer, the Strib was literally putting his life in peril.
After reporters at the Star Tribune decided they had enough information to out Porter, staffers Chanen (who reportedly received the inital tip), McEnroe, and Howie Padilla joined Pat Doyle and public saftey team leader Beth Podtburg in an hour-long meeting--the longest of several discussions that reportedly took place throughout the day. "The line editor, Pat Doyle, made a very persuasive argument as to why it was relevant to put it in the paper," McEnroe says of that first confab. "He spoke to how it showed a relationship existed between Porter and the police, and that we were reporting the news about it. It was relevant, because it moved the story forward. And we did not take the issue of his personal safety lightly at all."
Joe Williams, the paper's new assistant managing editor of local news, was also part of the daylong dialogue. "The conversation was ongoing and it was anything but cavalier," he says. Ultimately, Williams explains, managing editor Scott Gillespie and executive editor Anders Gyllenhaal were the ones who decided to run with the information; they also signed off on the story's headline and its prominent placement in the Metro section.
"The central question, I think, is, was this accurate information," Gyllenhaal says. "And we felt confident that it was--we still do.